This event is not mentioned in the canonical gospels, but is related in the apocryphal Gospel of Nicodemus. Here Christ has arrived in limbo and now sets his forefathers free. He helps Adam to rise. As he does so, he treads on a hideous Satan, who lies vanquished and blind with rage.
The final week of Lent, traditionally known as Holy Week, began this past Sunday. The art devoted to the events of this week is so vast and so wonderful that it's difficult to get a real handle on it. One approach is simply to consult the Maestà altarpiece of Duccio di Buoninsegna.
More specifically, the panels on the back of this famous work tell the story of the Passion of Christ in a clear yet aesthetically pleasing way.